Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, and Generative AI - What is it?

11/4/20232 min read

woman wearing grey shirt
woman wearing grey shirt

With the rapid advancements in technology, terms like machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), and generative AI have become increasingly common. These concepts have revolutionized various industries and have the potential to shape the future in unimaginable ways. In this blog post, we will explore the definitions and applications of machine learning, artificial intelligence, and generative AI.

Machine Learning

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence that focuses on the development of algorithms and models that enable computers to learn and make predictions or decisions without being explicitly programmed. Similar to how humans learn from experiences, machine learning involves training machines to learn from data. For example, an algorithm could be trained with pictures of dogs and other things, so that machines can learn to identify pictures of dogs on its own. Personalizing customer recommendations, forecasting demand, and identifying fraudulent activities are some common applications of machine learning.

Machine learning algorithms can be broadly categorized into three types: supervised learning, unsupervised learning, and reinforcement learning. Supervised learning involves training a model on labeled data (e.g. pictures of dogs, labeled by humans), while unsupervised learning involves finding patterns and relationships in unlabeled data (e.g. sales data, to detect patterns of trends). Reinforcement learning, on the other hand, uses a reward system (e.g. autonomous driving, by letting the machine know when it made the right decision) to train models to make decisions and take actions.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is a broader concept that encompasses machine learning. It refers to the development of intelligent machines that can perform tasks that typically require human intelligence. AI systems can analyze data, recognize patterns, make decisions, and even interact with humans in a natural language.

AI can be further divided into two categories: narrow AI and general AI. Narrow AI, also known as weak AI, is designed to perform specific tasks within a limited domain. Examples include voice assistants like Siri and Alexa, as well as recommendation systems used by streaming platforms. General AI (also known as Artificial General Intelligence or AGI), on the other hand, refers to AI systems that possess the ability to understand, learn, and apply knowledge across a wide range of tasks, similar to human intelligence.

Generative AI

Generative AI is a subset of artificial intelligence that focuses on creating new content, such as images, music, and text, that is similar to human-created content. It involves training models on large datasets and using them to generate new, original content. Generative AI has found applications in various fields, including art, music, and design.

One of the most popular applications of generative AI is in the field of deepfakes, where AI algorithms are used to manipulate or generate realistic images or videos.

Machine learning, artificial intelligence, and generative AI are all exciting fields that have the potential to transform industries and society as a whole. Start your generative AI exploration today with these generative AI on AWS blogs.